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|About The City|
- Incorporated February 17, 1923
- Contains 17 square miles of territory
- Population; 106,098
- Average rainfall: 22 inches
- Elevation above sea level: 362 feet
- Area devoted to recreation: Approximately 181 acres
- Seventeen Public Elementary schools and three public high schools
- City Flower: Lilly of the Nile (agapanthus)
- City Tree: Diamond Leaf Pittospourus
- First Mayor: Benjamin F. Maxson - February 1923 to April 1928
The City of West Covina was incorporated in 1923 to prevent the City of Covina from establishing a sewage farm within the current city boundaries. The 507 residents of the area banded together to maintain local control of their land. Walnut and orange groves continued to flourish during the following decades.
The City of West Covina began the second-half of the 20th century with exciting new developments and projects. The City Hall and Police facility were built in 1969 as an example of a Joint Powers Authority in the County of Los Angeles. The Civic Center Joint Powers Authority, consisting of the County of Los Angeles and the City of West Covina, also completed a three-level parking structure in the Civic Center complex. The Civic Center complex includes the Los Angeles County Regional Library, the West Covina Courthouse (formerly Citrus Municipal Court) and the City Hall offices.
The city is substantially "built out" with few major vacant development sites remaining. The city is a residential and commercial center with limited industry. Retail merchandising is the principal business activity. Large corporations have been attracted to the San Gabriel Valley due to:
- Accessible freeways
- Available skilled labor pool
- Affordable housing
- Strong clientele base
- Competitive land prices and rental rates
Government Organizational Structure
West Covina is a full-service, general-law city, providing police and fire services as well as street maintenance and repair, building and engineering, planning, and parks and recreational activities. The City Manager is the chief administrator of all city services and oversees the functioning of the City on a daily basis in accordance with policies established by the City Council. The City Manager is appointed by the City Council.
Population and Housing
The city's population has grown from 80,291 in 1980 to 96,086 in 1990, to 105,080 in 2000. The current approximate population as of 2006 is 110,525. This represents a 20% increase during the 1980s and a 9.4% increase during the 1990s and a 5.2% growth since 2000. The city's growth outpaced growth for both the County of Los Angeles and the State of California during those same periods.
Residential areas within the city are comprised primarily of single-family detached housing. There are a few pockets of apartment and condominium/town-home developments. As of 2006, there are an estimated 24,194 single-dwelling units and an estimated 8,332 apartment units in the city. The residential areas are generally well-maintained, middle-class neighborhoods. The City plans to invest redevelopment-housing funds into certain residential areas over the next ten years. This redevelopment is not expected to significantly alter the city's population.
Source: Claritas, Inc.
Personal Income and Demographics
The 2006 median household income for the City is $60,670 and the average household income was $73,020. Citywide, more than 65.81% of all households had incomes over $50,000, and approximately 67% of households are owner-occupied.
2006 Est. Civilian Employed Pop 16+ by Occupation
Major Employers in West Covina
San Gabriel Valley Publishing Company
Source: City of West Covina Finance Department
There are 13 public and seven private elementary schools, three middle schools, two high schools, one continuation high school, one adult school and numerous preschools and vocational schools within the city.
Within a 30-mile radius of West Covina are many educational facilities of all levels. With a selection from nearby universities and community colleges, residents have a wide choice to continue or complete their education, including:
- Citrus Community College
- Mount San Antonio College
- Rio Hondo Community College
- Whittier Community College
- Pasadena City College
Four Year Universities
While there are no Universities within the City, there are a number of universities located several miles of the city. They are as follows:
- Azusa Pacific University
- California State Polytechnic University, Pomona
- California State University: Los Angeles, Fullerton
- Claremont McKenna College
- Claremont School of Theology
- Immaculate Heart College
- Occidental College
- Osteopathic School of Medicine
- Pitzer College
- Pomona College
- Royken College
- University of La Verne
- Woodbury University
Education Attainment for Population 25 +
Demographics (2000 CENSUS)
West Covina's population growth has leveled off in the 1990s now that the city is essentially "built out". The 2000 U.S. Census has the city's population at 105,080 residents. Some significant trends have developed with respect to the population mix in recent years. The median age has been rising due to relatively fewer school-age children (5-19) and young adults (20-24) with relatively more adults (25-44) and elderly (65+). Also, the minority population has increased to 77% of the total population, with significant increases in the number of Hispanic, Asian and African-American residents. To accommodate these changes, the City has stressed programs for seniors and participated in events that promote cultural diversity.
City of West Covina Ethnicity: 1970-2000
West Covina has five medical facilities and one trauma center. There are over 200 physicians and surgeons, ten chiropractors, and fifty dentists and orthodontists serving the community. Hospitals providing health care include Citrus Valley Health Partners (three facilities), Kaiser Permanente Medical Group and Doctor's Hospital of West Covina.
There are sixteen parks and three recreation centers with programs for sports and recreation. The Senior Citizens' Center houses the City's senior welfare programs and hosts tournaments, trips and social gatherings.
Because of the city's central location, many attractions, including mountain and beach resorts, are all within an hour's drive.
The city's close proximity to several major sources of transportation gives the residents access to regional, national and international markets. The Ontario International Airport is located 20 miles east of the city and is serviced by most domestic carriers. The Los Angeles International Airport is located 40 miles west of the City.
The Metropolitan Transit District serves the city locally with two routes. West Covina serves as a transit hub for bus service within the San Gabriel Valley. Together, the nationally award-winning Foothill Transit District and the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), provide over 400 bus arrivals and departures in West Covina daily. These buses serve express and local routes throughout West Covina and the greater Los Angeles County area.
Two Metrolink train stations in the nearby cities of Covina and Baldwin Park serve the city. Metrolink provides daily light-rail commuter train service between residential and major commercial areas within Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino and Ventura Counties.
The City also offers local shuttle bus service, providing convenient connections between regional malls, Civic Center, Senior Citizens' Center, regional hospital facilities and the Baldwin Park Metrolink train station.
West Covina enjoys easy access to the Los Angeles Freeway System. A major freeway, Interstate 10 (the San Bernardino Freeway) runs through the northern section of the city. The following major freeways also serve the city: State Highway 60 (Pomona Freeway) to the south; Interstate 605 (San Gabriel Valley River Freeway) to the West; and State Highway 57 (Orange Freeway) to the east.